Marriage equality is the law of the land—no one can be denied the right to marry because of someone else’s religious beliefs. Yet, Congress and state legislatures are seeking to undermine the fundamental right to marriage and sanction discrimination against same-sex couples. One way they are trying to do this is through legislative proposals deceptively named the First Amendment Defense Act (FADA). Generally, these sweeping bills would allow businesses, government officials, and taxpayer-funded organizations to ignore federal or state laws and policies that conflict with their religious beliefs about marriage and sex. We oppose these bills because no one’s religious views entitle them to deny same-sex couples goods and services, the ability to marry, or the dignity they deserve.
Most FADAs are actually so broad, they would allow discrimination against not just same-sex couples but also unmarried couples, people who have remarried, single mothers, those who have sex outside of marriage, and others.
The right to believe is fundamental; the right to discriminate—especially with taxpayer dollars—is not.
There were two FADA bills in Congress . HR 2802 and S 1598, as introduced, would have allowed private businesses, federal contractors and grantees, and even government employees to use their religious beliefs to justify discrimination. The bills’ sponsors plan to reintroduce the legislation again this year.
Information About The Federal FADA
Letters and Testimony
FADA Legislation in the States
State FADA bills are based on the federal legislation, though some are narrower and some are broader. All of these bills seek to sanction discrimination, allowing individuals and entities to ignore laws that conflict with their religious beliefs about marriage. In 2016, a federal judge blocked Mississippi’s FADA, HB 1523, because it violated the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Read some of the lessons learned by states considering or enacting FADA legislation.
Here's what you should know about why it's important to oppose FADA legislation.